Read e-book online Advances in Personality Psychology: Volume II PDF

By Andrzej Eliasz, Sarah E. Hampson

ISBN-10: 1841695467

ISBN-13: 9781841695464

The second one quantity within the Advances in character Psychology sequence, this booklet offers an authoritative number of works by way of prime specialists within the box. It specializes in 3 of the most important concerns in character psychology: character, impact and arousal; character and intelligence; and character constitution. the 1st a part of the publication seeks to examine cognitive biases depending on anxiousness and the organic foundations of notion and motion. It additionally appears to be like on the effect of temperamental features on response to aggravating occasions. within the moment half, contributions give some thought to the mutual family members among character and intelligence, the similarities and transformations among character and intelligence, and the cognitive mechanisms of human intelligence and character. the ultimate half analyses character constitution throughout cultures and provides a version of character proper to situational descriptions. all of the authors are skilled and well known specialists within the box of character psychology. the amount contains severe stories, bringing the reader up to date with key concerns, and targeted information from modern empirical learn tasks, reflecting the variety and energy of present paintings on character psychology.

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In a sample of college students who reported a wide range of trauma borderline personality, antisocial personality, sensation seeking and the three Eysenckian superfactors have been considered as predictors of PTSD and retraumatization. The results of this study show that trauma intensity and personality variables are significant predictors of PTSD, explaining over 40 per cent of the variance. , 2002) on temperament as related to stress phenomena, the following hypotheses have been formulated: PTSD is a function of the intensity of experienced trauma as measured by objective indicators.

Excessive stress, resulting from demands with which the individual is unable to cope, consists of extremely strong negative affects accompanied by unusually high elevation of the level of arousal. As consequence changes in the organism occur, which may result in variations in psychological functioning such as an increased level of anxiety and depression, or in physiological or biochemical disturbances expressed in psychosomatic diseases or other health problems. Stress should be regarded as one of the many risk factors (external and internal) contributing to maladaptive functioning and disorders.

For psychological well-being, the same statistical procedure was applied, which showed that effects of interactions were also insignificant. So, the final model explaining psychological wellbeing contains only simple variables, including activity. 1. 2, the data partly confirmed our hypotheses. The rate of stressors, as expected, is positively correlated with distress and negatively with well-being. This finding is fairly consistent with data from other studies (Rahe, 1987; Brown and Harris, 1989) and indicates that stress increases the probability of emotional disturbances.

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Advances in Personality Psychology: Volume II by Andrzej Eliasz, Sarah E. Hampson

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