By Thandika Mkandawire
In comparison with Asia or Latin the USA, Africa has skilled a lot better premiums of emigration of its intelligentsia to North the USA and Europe, and widespread displacement in the continent. This infrequent evaluation of the historical past, destiny and destiny roles explores their dating to nationalism and the Pan African venture; the indigenous language of African intellectuals; girls intellectuals; and the function of the increasing African educational diaspora.
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Additional resources for African Intellectuals: Rethinking Politics, Language, Gender and Development (Africa in the New Millennium)
In later years there were European and American ‘radicals’ who were to appear as peripatetic advisers to a whole range of ‘progressive’ regimes in Africa. Third, African leaders had a penchant for assuming the role of philosopher-king and reducing intellectual work to the level of incantation of the thought of the leader. Leaders sought to acquire intellectual hegemony by themselves or through advisers, constructing intellectual frameworks that would guide national debates. Nkrumah with his panAfricanism and Nkrumaism, Nyerere with his Ujamaa, and Kaunda with his humanism are some of the well-known examples.
Nationalism and its rhetoric and proclamation were difﬁcult to contend 25 African intellectuals and nationalism that of disposable sycophants, and few African leaders bothered to curry favour with African intellectuals qua intellectuals. Finally, there was complete misunderstanding of the task that lay ahead. African leaders either overestimated the power and capacity of the ‘kingdom’ Nkrumah had enjoined them to seek, or underestimated the intellectual and political complexity of the processes of development and nation-building.
In the process they [rip] off the tissue of mystiﬁcatory ofﬁcial expiations. The surest way to do this is to examine reality from the perspectives of the underprivileged. For it the privileged who need lies and myths to maintain the status quo. The underprivileged need to use truth to tear down the veil of mystiﬁcation in their struggle against established order. (Yeikelo ya Ato and Ntumba 1993) The response of CODESRIA and many individuals to their impotence in 31 African intellectuals and nationalism The commitment to the under-privileged was accompanied by the belief that serious research was good for them.
African Intellectuals: Rethinking Politics, Language, Gender and Development (Africa in the New Millennium) by Thandika Mkandawire