New PDF release: Ancient West Asian Civilization: Geoenvironment and Society

By Akira Tsuneki, Shigeo Yamada, Ken-ichiro Hisada

ISBN-10: 9811005532

ISBN-13: 9789811005534

ISBN-10: 9811005540

ISBN-13: 9789811005541

This booklet explores elements of the traditional civilization in West Asia, which has had an exceptional effect on sleek human society―agriculture, metallurgy, towns, writing, nearby states, and monotheism, all of which seemed first in West Asia through the 10th to first millennia BC.
The editors in particular use the time period "West Asia" because the "Middle East" is obvious as an Eurocentric time period. through the use of this time period, the publication hopes to mitigate capability bias (i.e. old and Western) by utilizing a natural geographical time period. despite the fact that, the "West Asia" sector is the same to that of the narrower "Middle East," which encompasses sleek Iran and Turkey from east to west and Turkey and the Arabian Peninsula from north to south.
This quantity assembles study from diversified disciplines, equivalent to the common sciences, archaeology and philology/linguistics, in an effort to take on the query of which conditions and approaches those major cultural phenomena happened in West Asia. Scrutinizing matters equivalent to the relatives among weather, geology and human actions, the origins of wheat cultivation and animal domestication, the improvement of metallurgy, the beginning of urbanization and writing, old spiritual traditions, in addition to the remedy of cultural historical past, the booklet undertakes a entire research of West Asian Civilization that supplied the typical history to cultures in a variety of parts of the globe, together with Europe and Asia.
These contributions will try to reveal a clean imaginative and prescient which emphasizes the typical cultural foundation among Europe and West Asia, status against the worldwide antagonism symbolized via the idea of "Clash of Civilizations."

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Extra info for Ancient West Asian Civilization: Geoenvironment and Society in the Pre-Islamic Middle East

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1977) whereas those of the Turan Plate are of Pliocene age (Aghanabati 2013). Oil exploration began in the Republic of Azerbaijan in 1871 and has continued ever since, resulting in the drilling of more than 21,000 boreholes in various exploration areas, including the Absheron Peninsula, Caspian continental shelf, and Kura Embayment. 6 billion tons; the gas reserve of the largest accumulation is 1 trillion cubic meters and the total gas reserves are estimated to be 2–7 trillion cubic meters. The ancient Iranians considered fire sacred; they called the burning natural gas springs “Eternal Flames,” and constructed fire temples around them.

Hisada Fig. 11 Paleogeographic maps of West Asia (a); Carboniferous period of Paleozoic era, (b); Permian period of Paleozoic era, (c); Jurassic period of Mesozoic era, (d); Cretaceous period of Mesozoic era. After Cavazza et al. (2004) rane extending from Myanmar to Sumatra through Thailand and Malaysia, were aligned to form this continent (Fig. 11b). This strip-shaped continent diverged from Gondwana, which produced a new ocean that separated from the old Tethys. This new ocean is known as the Neotethys, whereas the old ocean is known as the Paleotethys, to distinguish from the former Tethys Ocean.

It contains chert layers several centimeters to ten and several centimeters in thickness composed of siliceous remains such as radiolarian tests, which alternate with layers of mud several millimeters to tens of millimeters thick that do not contain abundant siliceous remains. The accumulation state of organic remains closely resembles siliceous mud, which is deposited in deep ocean floor. The sedimentation rate is estimated to be approximately 1 mm per 1000 years based on radiolarian biostratigraphy.

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Ancient West Asian Civilization: Geoenvironment and Society in the Pre-Islamic Middle East by Akira Tsuneki, Shigeo Yamada, Ken-ichiro Hisada


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