By Kenneth F. Kitchell Jr.
The historical Greeks and Romans lived in a global teeming with animals. Animals have been indispensable to historical trade, warfare, love, literature and artwork. contained in the urban they have been came across as pets, pests, and parasites. they can be sacred, sacrificed, liminal, employees, or intruders from the wild. past the town domesticated animals have been herded and bred for revenue and wild animals have been searched for excitement and achieve alike. experts like Aristotle, Aelian, Pliny and Seneca studied their anatomy and behaviour. Geographers and tourists defined new lands by way of their animals. Animals are to be noticeable on each attainable inventive medium, woven into fabric and inlaid into furnishings. they're the topic of proverbs, oaths and goals. Magicians, physicians and fans grew to become to animals and their elements for his or her crafts. They paraded earlier than kings, inhabited palaces, and entertained the terrible within the enviornment. fairly actually, animals pervaded the traditional global from A-Z.
In entries starting from brief to lengthy, Kenneth Kitchell bargains perception into this in most cases ignored international, masking consultant and fascinating examples of mammals, reptiles, amphibians and invertebrates. ordinary animals similar to the cow, puppy, fox and donkey are handled besides extra unique animals similar to the babirussa, pangolin, and dugong. The proof adduced levels from Minoan instances to the overdue Roman Empire and is taken from archaeology, historical authors, inscriptions, papyri, cash, mosaics and all different creative media. at any time when attainable reasoned identifications are given for historical animal names and the realities in the back of animal lore are introduced forth. Why did the ancients imagine hippopotamuses practiced blood letting on themselves? How do you trap a monkey? Why have been hyenas regarded as hermaphroditic? was once there quite a vampire moth? Entries are observed by way of complete citations to historic authors and an in depth bibliography.
Of use to Classics scholars and students, yet written in a method designed to have interaction an individual drawn to Greco-Roman antiquity, Animals within the old global from A to Z unearths the level and value of the animal international to the traditional Greeks and Romans. It solutions many questions, asks a number of extra, and seeks to stimulate extra study during this vital box.
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Extra info for Animals in the Ancient World from A to Z
Dover, 1963; Goudsmit and BrandonJones, 2000; Harris-McCoy, 2012; Lazenby, 1949; Mielsch 2005, 77–78; Olson, 2002; Peck, 1965–70; Perry, 1965; Thompson, 1910. 305. ). 76), speaking of his famous Egyptian flying serpents, pointedly says that their wings are not avian, but membranous, like those of bats. 110), he describes strange flying creatures in Arabia which attack people harvesting casia and says they are very similar to bats. Aristotle mentions two types of creatures when describing animals with “dermatous” wings.
Beavis (168–73) claims that the yellow and black banded members of the genus Mylabris were better known in antiquity and collects evidence of their widespread use in medicine, a practice that continues today. Aristotle (Gen. an. ; Hist. an. , on which see Janssens) studied their life cycle closely but concluded they were the product of spontaneous generation (cf. 39). 61). ) describes five types, including a clear description of Mylabris and treats cantharides as both a poison (cf. Cicero Fam. 3, Tusc.
Women are expressly forbidden from having relations with animals (Leviticus 18:15–16) and similar laws existed among the Bembix/bombyx, bombykion (diminutive). An insect with an onomatopoetic name meant to imitate its buzz. (1) The bevmbix (bembix) is clearly a stinging insect but the usage is too broad to give specificity of identification since some authors depict it as a wasp and others apparently as a mason bee. The diminutive bombykion also exists. G&S (193, on Al. 17 blister beetle boubAlos Hittites.
Animals in the Ancient World from A to Z by Kenneth F. Kitchell Jr.