By Fritz Graf
Publish yr note: First released in 2000
Fritz Graf the following provides a survey of a god as soon as considered the main strong of gods, and in a position to nice wrath may still he be crossed: Apollo the solar god.
From his first attestations in Homer, in the course of the complicated query of pre-Homeric Apollo, to the competition among Apollo and Dionysos in 19th and twentieth-century pondering, Graf examines Greek faith and fable to supply an entire account of Apollo within the historic world.
For scholars of Greek faith and tradition, of delusion and legend, and within the fields of artwork and literature, Apollo will offer an informative and enlightening advent to this robust determine from the prior.
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Extra info for Apollo (Gods and Heroes of the Ancient World)
See, however, the Appendix for more information on the subject. 4 I have discussed this topic in greater depth in Malanima (forthcoming). See the following Appendix on the quantification of energy consumption in the early Roman Empire. 5 I have examined the transitions among energy systems in greater depth in Malanima 2010. 6 Perlès 1977; Goudsblom 1992. energy consumption in the roman world 15 energy carriers of ancient Mediterranean civilization. The discovery of fire on the one hand and the exploitation of draft animals on the other, marked two main changes in the history of technology.
5. D. 35 On the other hand, looking at the problem of technical innovation from the viewpoint of energy, Roman technology consisted primarily, as J-P. 36 The introduction of new tools, that is microinventions, was continuous. In a sense this flow of innovations made human work more efficient, although this increase in efficiency, from the specific viewpoint of energy and power, was modest indeed. As suggested by A. 38 We can wonder, however, how widespread this knowledge actually was. With the exception of Hero’s work, no other mention of the use of steam is available in ancient literary texts or archaeological remains.
We can see that the two centuries bc were favourable from a climatic viewpoint. Temperatures were high during that period and remained so until the middle of the 2nd century ad. Some historians suggest that, after 150ad temperatures diminished remarkably, as the curve in Figure 2 shows. Very little, however, is known about the evolution of climate in the Mediterranean. Rossignol has claimed that ‘a remarkable worsening of the climatic conditions’ occurred from about 150ad. 49 Soil per worker rises when temperatures are milder.
Apollo (Gods and Heroes of the Ancient World) by Fritz Graf