By Hans Kamermans, Martijn van Leusen, Philip Verhagen
The Netherlands is among the few international locations in Europe the place history specialists and land builders use predictive modeling to prevent destroying destiny archaelocial websites, even supposing many students give some thought to the applying for this goal hugely debatable. The participants to Archaeological Prediction and hazard Management provide an outline of a number of the equipment of predictive modeling and assessment how the types are, or may be, utilized by stakeholders in cultural background administration within the Netherlands.
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Additional resources for Archaeological Prediction and Risk Management: Alternatives to Current Practice
This approach is also known as adaptive sampling (see Orton 2000). However, since we are dealing with imperfect detectability of the artefacts, the neighbouring samples will also be empty 1 out of 5 times – and this is assuming that we are still dealing with the same artefact density. So here we have a classical Catch 22-situation: we do not actually know what artefact density we are dealing with, so how can we be sure that a non-artefact observation is proof of the absence of a site? In fact, the only reliable method for establishing site contours is trial trenching.
This dilemma was discussed at the beginning of this chapter. Here the costs oppose the scientific yields. These advantages and disadvantages are however distributed unequally in archaeological heritage management – and in the eye of the disturber unfairly. However it is not possible to set rules in advance for what will be seen as proportional or disproportional by all parties. Yet, apparently “we” always seem to work it out through negotiation and we may trust to find the middle ground by the effect of precedent.
There are three major changes resulting from the new legislation. Firstly, archaeology is now part of a larger democratic process of decision making, in which it is only one of many spatial factors to be taken into account. It is treated just like soil, water and air quality, ecology and noise pollution. Secondly, this transformation from an inward-facing and ‘sectoral’ attitude to archaeology to an integral spatial planning approach is accompanied by a shift from purely academic to more practical ‘public’ archaeology and a change from government-based funding to a commercial, market-based system.
Archaeological Prediction and Risk Management: Alternatives to Current Practice by Hans Kamermans, Martijn van Leusen, Philip Verhagen