By Hedwig te Molder, Jonathan Potter
Written by means of the various prime figures within the fields of dialog research, discursive psychology and ethnomethodology, this booklet appears on the tough implications of recent discourse techniques to the subject of cognition. It presents a survey of state of the art debates approximately discourse and cognition in addition to a number of illustrative analyses which convey how the idea of cognition should be transformed. This finished and obtainable booklet will make an immense contribution to the advance of a extra built-in method of language and cognition.
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Extra info for Conversation and Cognition
A key figure in the development of modular accounts of cognition was the philosopher (and close colleague of Chomsky) Jerry Fodor (1983). His work provides the most thoroughgoing philosophical embrace of cognitive science and cognitivism: the programme of explaining action by way of the contents and organization of individual human minds. Rather than see mind built up through the combination of simple ideas into more complex (as in the classic picture at the heart of Locke’s philosophy) he argues for specialized modules for different kinds of processing.
The individual is apprenticed into sophisticated forms of problem solving rather than developing into them naturally. For example, Jean Lave’s (1988) studies of everyday mathematical abilities showed that women were able to make subtle proportional calculations about special offers on packets of supermarket food that they could not work out when presented in the abstract. The setting and the embodiment of mathematical concepts in familiar practices provided the scaffolding for sophisticated computation.
These were seen to mimic the organization of neurons in the brain and therefore be better simulations of how actual cognitive processes might be performed. , DOG), etc. are assumed to be coded as a pattern of activation across many processing units, with each unit contributing to many different representations’ (Bowers, 2002, p. 414). Although a range of attempts have been made to reconcile connectionist approaches with mainstream cognitive approaches, there are important tensions between them (see Garson, 2002).
Conversation and Cognition by Hedwig te Molder, Jonathan Potter