By David Held
This ebook units out the case for a worldly method of modern international politics. It offers a scientific thought of cosmopolitanism, explicating its center rules and justifications, and examines the position a lot of those ideas have performed within the improvement of world politics, comparable to framing the human rights regime. The framework is then used to deal with one of the most urgent problems with our time: the hindrance of monetary markets, weather switch and the fallout from the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq. In each one case, Held argues that reasonable politics is exhausted, and that cosmopolitanism is the hot realism.
See additionally Garrett Wallace Brown and David Held's The Cosmopolitanism Reader.
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Additional info for Cosmopolitanism: Ideals and Realities
Key elements of the production process are being sliced up, dispersed and located in different countries, especially in developing and emerging economies. Thus, not only do countries increasingly consume goods from abroad, but their own production processes are significantly dependent on components produced overseas. Economic activity in any one country is, accordingly, strongly affected by economic activity in other countries. Alongside transnational production networks, the power of global finance has become central to economic globalization.
The second conception of cosmopolitanism was introduced in the eighteenth century when the term weltbürger (world citizen) became one of the key terms of the Enlightenment. The most important contribution to this body of thought can be found in Kant’s writings (above all, 1970: 41–53, 54–60, 93–130). Kant linked the idea of cosmopolitanism to an innovative conception of ‘the public use of reason’, and explored the ways in which this conception of reason can generate a critical vantage point from which to scrutinize civil society (see Schmidt, 1998: 419–27).
I call this a layered cosmopolitan approach (see chapters 2 and 3). Every moral and political outlook calls for justification. The historical and geographical origin of cosmopolitanism in the West should not per se disqualify its reach; origin and validity are separate issues (see Weale, 1998). Two fundamental metaprinciples bear the justificatory weight of my account. They are the metaprinciple of autonomy (MPA) and the metaprinciple of impartialist reasoning (MPIR). I see these two principles as organizing notions of ethical discourse.
Cosmopolitanism: Ideals and Realities by David Held