By David J. David MBBS, FRACS, David C. Hemmy MD, FACS, Rodney D. Cooter MBBS (auth.)
This publication has been assembled from the radiographic and photograph image documents of sufferers providing to craniofacial devices on 4 continents over 7 years. it's our goal to demonstrate quite a lot of craniofacial deformities with the means of 3-dimensional com puted tomography. Many issues are in short addressed with descriptive textual content meant to enlarge the accompanying pictures yet to not exclude the necessity for extra entire references as advised within the analyzing record of every bankruptcy. the facility to generate 3-dimensional radiographic photos rep resents a profitable integration of computed tomography with com puter portraits. even if this method is still an digital substi tute for the research of dry cranium specimens, it bargains an everlasting pictorial checklist of anatomical constructions with the chance for fu ture interactive info manipulation. it truly is was hoping, for this reason, that this paintings will help others to achieve a extra entire figuring out of problems of the craniofacial quarter. We inspire different surgeons and investigators to ascertain and hire the concepts used to assemble those photos but in addition to make sure that standardized scanning regimens are tailored. the significance of information assortment inside of its complete anatomical context used to be borne out with a lot of our early experiences, that have been constrained due to computational con straints. usually a picture requirement for surgical intervention is way lower than a picture useful for strict medical inquiry.
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Additional info for Craniofacial Deformities: Atlas of Three-Dimensional Reconstruction from Computed Tomography
The highest point of the head may be anterior to the bregma (see Figs. 5). Oxycephaly refers to an abnormally high, conical head (see Fig. 6). Plagiocephaly is a term widely used to describe any lopsided, 34 asymmetrical head (see Figs. 8). Triphyllocephaly is a term used to describe a trilobar head (see Figs. 10). Scaphocephaly Scaphocephaly is the most common of the calvarial deformities associated with craniosynostosis. The name "boat head" is apt: The skull is long and narrow, like a boat upside down (Figs.
2D) and often somewhat wedgeshaped as seen from the vertex view. This deformity is usually associated with premature closure of the anterior fontanelle and premature fusion of the sagittal suture (Fig. 2E). However, there are occasional patients with scaphocephaly who have premature fusion of other sutures, especially the coronal suture. Trigonocephaly Trigonocephaly is a wedge-shaped congenital deformity of the frontal region with a median bony ridge extending from the glabella to the bregmatic region (Fig.
Syndactyly of hands and feet is a universal and specific component of the syndrome, with the hands being spoon-shaped and with fusion of at least the middle three digits. The toes are affected in a similar way. Apert syndrome appears to be related to increased paternal age; and although most cases are sporadic, it is an autosomal dominant trait. Saethre-Chotzen Syndrome Saethre-Chotzen syndrome, one of the commoner complex craniofacial syndromes, was apparently first reported in 1931 by Saethre of Oslo.
Craniofacial Deformities: Atlas of Three-Dimensional Reconstruction from Computed Tomography by David J. David MBBS, FRACS, David C. Hemmy MD, FACS, Rodney D. Cooter MBBS (auth.)