Download e-book for iPad: Current Trends in Contrastive Linguistics: Functional and by María de los Ángeles Gómez González (Ed.), J. Lachlan

By María de los Ángeles Gómez González (Ed.), J. Lachlan Mackenzie (Ed.), Elsa M. González Álvarez (Ed.)

ISBN-10: 9027215715

ISBN-13: 9789027215710

This publication examines the contribution of varied fresh advancements in linguistics to contrastive research. The articles diversity throughout a huge gamut of languages, with so much cognizance going to the languages of Europe. They convey how advances in thought and computing device expertise are jointly impacting the sector of contrastive linguistics. half I focuses, from a extensively functional-cognitive point of view, at the shut hyperlink with typology, stressing the significance of embedding the therapy of grammatical different types of their contexts of use. half II turns to methodological concerns, exploring the large capability provided by way of parallel, computer-accessible corpora to contrastive linguistics and to bettering the testability, authenticity and empirical adequacy of cross-linguistic experiences. half III is anxious with contrastive semantics, starting from person goods to complete grammatical structures, and exhibits how meanings are coupled to language-specific cognitive concepts or even to cultural transformations in subjective know-how and the fashioning of private id.

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Additional resources for Current Trends in Contrastive Linguistics: Functional and Cognitive Perspectives

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Testing such delicate differences with informants is very difficult since the distinction between a non-specific group of individuals and anybody who fits the bill is not so easy to explain.  Anna Siewierska However, this does not appear to be so. There are languages in which 3pl forms may receive only a definite reading. 10 That the latter three languages do not allow for an impersonal reading of the expression used for third persons is not surprising, since they are typically seen as lacking true personal pronouns.

It could consist of the council authorities, builders, plumbers, people in Britain, etc. While Cavadas Afonso’s reinterpretation of the distinction between impersonal vs. vague points to the need for a more detailed analysis of the range of referents of 3pl constructions, we will not pursue her particular approach to doing so here.  generic. 2 Impersonal vs. generic Whereas Kitagawa & Lehrer’s notion of impersonality excludes 3pl constructions from its scope, in terms of the approach outlined in Cinque (1988) and further developed by Cardinaletti & Starke (1998), 3pl constructions emerge as not only impersonal but as prototypically so.

Table 1. Person system in Finnish (Adapted from Helasvuo 2001: 67) active 1st person active 2nd person active 3rd person passive Singular [stem + person marker] Plural [stem(+passive marker) + person marker] katso-n katso-t katso-o katso-mme katso-tte katso-vat katso-ta-an Table 1 shows that the passive form, unlike the active ones, does not distinguish morphologically between singular and plural number. We may also note that in colloquial Finnish the number distinction is often neutralized in the 3rd person as well; thus  Marja-Liisa Helasvuo & Marjut Johansson we usually find that a 3rd person plural subject combines with a 3rd person singular verb form.

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Current Trends in Contrastive Linguistics: Functional and Cognitive Perspectives by María de los Ángeles Gómez González (Ed.), J. Lachlan Mackenzie (Ed.), Elsa M. González Álvarez (Ed.)

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